X Marks the Lawsuit: Elon Musk’s Social Media Company Sues Nonprofit Highlighting Site’s Hate Speech

Elon Musk
FILE – Elon Musk, CEO of Tesla Motors Inc., introduces the Model X car at the company’s headquarters Tuesday, Sept. 29, 2015, in Fremont, Calif. Musk may want to send “tweet” back to the birds, but the ubiquitous term for posting on the site he now calls X is here to stay, at least for now. For one, the word is still plastered all over the website formerly known as Twitter. Write a post, you still need to press a blue button that says “tweet” to publish it. To repost it, you still tap “retweet.” (AP Photo/Marcio Jose Sanchez, File)

By DAVID KLEPPER Associated Press

WASHINGTON (AP) — X, the social media platform formerly known as Twitter, has sued a group of researchers — alleging
their work highlighting an increase in hate speech on the platform cost the company millions of dollars of advertising revenue.

The suit, filed late Monday night in U.S. District Court in the Northern District of California, accuses the nonprofit Center for Countering Digital Hate of violating X’s terms of service by improperly collecting a vast amount of data for its analysis. The suit also alleges, without offering evidence, that the organization is funded by
foreign governments and media companies who view X as competition.

The legal fight between the tech company, which was acquired by Elon Musk last year, and the center could have
significant implications for a growing number of researchers and advocacy groups that seek to help the public
understand how social media is shaping society and culture.

With offices in the U.S. and United Kingdom, the center regularly publishes reports on hate speech, extremism and
harmful behavior on social media platforms like X, TikTok or Facebook. The organization has published several reports
critical of Musk’s leadership, detailing an increase in anti-LGBTQ hate speech as well as climate misinformation
since his purchase.

In its lawsuit, X alleges the center violated its terms of service by automatically scraping large amounts of data
from the site without the company’s permission. X also claims the center improperly accessed internal Twitter data,
using log-on credentials it obtained from an employee at a separate company that has a business relationship with X.

Without naming any individuals or companies, the suit says the center receives funding from foreign governments as

well as organizations with ties to “legacy media organizations” that see X as a rival.

The suit claims the center’s work has cost X tens of millions of dollars in lost ad revenue.

In response to the legal action, Imran Ahmed, the center’s founder and CEO, defended its work and accused Musk of
using the lawsuit to silence criticism of his leadership, as well as research into the role X plays in spreading
misinformation and hate speech.

“Musk is trying to ‘shoot the messenger’ who highlights the toxic content on his platform rather than deal with the

toxic environment he’s created,” Ahmed said.

The center’s 2021 tax forms show it took in $1.4 million in revenue. A review of major donors shows several large
charities, including the National Philanthropic Trust in the U.S. and the Oak Foundation and Joseph Rowntree
Charitable Trust in the U.K.

A spokesman for the group said the center receives no funding from any government entities or tech companies that
could be considered competitors to X. The identities of other donors is not revealed in public documents, and the
center declined to provide a list.

Musk is a self-professed free speech absolutist who has welcomed back white supremacists and election deniers to
the platform, which he renamed X last month. He initially had promised that he would allow any speech on his
platform that wasn’t illegal. “I hope that even my worst critics remain on Twitter, because that is what free
speech means,” Musk wrote in a tweet last year.

Nevertheless, the billionaire has at times proven sensitive about critical speech directed at him or his companies.
Last year, he suspended the accounts of several journalists who covered his takeover of Twitter.


Associated Press writer Thalia Beatty contributed to this report.

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